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Author Topic:   Battery Storage
BobL posted 09-10-2005 10:30 PM ET (US)   Profile for BobL   Send Email to BobL  
The boating season is short on Cape Cod so boat batteries are stored for 7 or 8 months of the year. What is the best charger or charging system to keep the batteries healthy? I have both starting and deep cycle batteries.
Chuck Tribolet posted 09-11-2005 01:09 AM ET (US)     Profile for Chuck Tribolet  Send Email to Chuck Tribolet     
You want to keep them on a smart trickle charger. I use the
Schumacher, which is available under several brand names.
Keep them someplace they won't get real cold or real hot.
Top up the water.


Chuck

Speedo66 posted 09-11-2005 08:39 AM ET (US)     Profile for Speedo66  Send Email to Speedo66     
Even better than the trickle chargers are the newer "float" chargers. These charge a battery and then maintain them at charged level by cycleing on and off when necessary without over charging which trickle chargers can do. They are available under several brands, with "Battery Tender" being the most popular. "Battery Tender" also came out with a waterproof model. They are available in motorcycle shops, but ads in motorcycle magazines, like CYCLEWORLD, generally have the best prices.

I have one and cycle it between my boat, motorcycle, and lawn tractor batteries over the winter. All appear fresh in the spring. It also prolongs their life as the plates in the batteries don't sulphate. A "Battery Tender Jr." in the Competition Accessories company ad runs $20, the waterproof model $40. After a check I just discovered their magazine ads prices are lower than their website prices. Phone # is 800/543-4699.

Chuck Tribolet posted 09-11-2005 09:33 AM ET (US)     Profile for Chuck Tribolet  Send Email to Chuck Tribolet     
Speedo, that's what I meant by a SMART trickle charger.

Chuck

BobL posted 09-12-2005 08:20 PM ET (US)     Profile for BobL  Send Email to BobL     
Thanks guys, I appreciate the advice.
BobL
rtk posted 09-12-2005 09:58 PM ET (US)     Profile for rtk  Send Email to rtk     
www.batterystuff.com/tutorial_battery.html

I found this site to be very informative. I have purchased 4 AGM batteries from them with no problems in quality of the product and service.

Rich

jimh posted 09-13-2005 09:08 PM ET (US)     Profile for jimh  Send Email to jimh     
I do not think a constant float charge or trickle charge is mandatory. If a battery is charged to full-capacity before storage and kept in a cool dry location, it probably can survive 3 to 6 months with minimal self-discharge.

I made some measurements of my own batteries over the winter. Over about 5 months the state of charge declined only 10-percent. See:

http://continuouswave.com/whaler/reference/chargeBattery.html

BobL posted 09-13-2005 10:30 PM ET (US)     Profile for BobL  Send Email to BobL     
Jim,
Thanks, I hadn’t read your reference section on batteries before tonight. My battery storage practices have been similar to yours. I store them fully charged and charge again in spring. Mine just get stored for longer so I was thinking that one of the battery “minder”, “tender” devices might work. Like you I have three marine batteries. I might rotate a trickle charger between each of the batteries so that each of them gets some charging over the winter.
BW23 posted 09-14-2005 04:01 PM ET (US)     Profile for BW23  Send Email to BW23     
Top off the water.

I charge mine overnight, 1 or 2 nights per month.

No problems in 3 seasons.

davej14 posted 09-16-2005 09:58 AM ET (US)     Profile for davej14  Send Email to davej14     
If you use Optima AGM batteries you will not have to charge them in the off season. Their internal leakage is very low and they will be ready to go in the Spring if they are stored in a cool dry location.
swist posted 09-18-2005 11:56 AM ET (US)     Profile for swist  Send Email to swist     
Some of us have to leave our boats in places over the Winter where it is VERY cold (Maine) and there is no heat anywhere - I've been doing this for 15 years. A fully charged battery will not freeze and will not necessarily discharge faster because of cold temps. I just top off the change every 6 weeks or so.

Also one of the boating controversy items that always comes up is removing the battery from the boat. Some sources say to do this, but if the battery cables are disconnected (thus minimizing parasitic leakage - also helps to clean the battery), it is my opinion that it doesn't prove anything to pull it out of the boat.

There is also the business of noy putting directly on a concrete floor if you do pull it. Some people think this is an old wives tale.

davej14 posted 09-19-2005 08:07 AM ET (US)     Profile for davej14  Send Email to davej14     
If you leave the battery in the boat, it is good advice to disconnect one of the leads. I noticed that with everything off, I still have a current drain of a few mA. Next Spring I have a battery switch on my todo list.

I would still recommend removal of the battery and storage in a cool dry location. If you have to get to the battery to remove the cables, why not pull it out?

Dick posted 09-19-2005 08:31 PM ET (US)     Profile for Dick  Send Email to Dick     
I was a boat owner and in the marine business for 17 years in Alaska. Batteries were never removed from the boats. A full charge was put on and the Pos cable disconnected. A good battery was in good shape after wintering at down to -30, a weak or cheap battery might need a charge in the spring.
We also didn't top the batteries off with water, we used electrolite (battery acid).

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