
ContinuousWave Whaler Moderated Discussion Areas ContinuousWave: Whaler Performance Crouch's Calculator

Author  Topic: Crouch's Calculator 
jimh 
posted 04232006 11:17 PM ET (US)
At the urging of Tom W. Clark, and with the assistance of my son the computer scientist, I am pleased to announce a new calculator, the Crouch's Calculator for estimating the speed potential of a planing hull based on weight, horsepower, and hull factor: http://continuouswave.com/cgibin/crouchcalc.pl This calculator is implemented in the same manner as our famous PROPELLER CALCULATOR, which permits any of the values to be calculated from the other operators. By using these two calculators in concert, you can make useful predictions about a number of values related to your boat's performance. 
Perry 
posted 04232006 11:57 PM ET (US)
Wow, using the existing 180 hull factor, the speed of my boat (190 Outrage w/135 HP) was within 2 tenths of actual top speed measured by gps. 
jimh 
posted 04242006 10:59 AM ET (US)
The calculator is useful for deducing the hull factor from actual observations for weight, horsepower, and speed. In this case, it sound like the hull factor for a 190 NANTUCKET is about 180. Perhaps we can accumulate more data about Whaler hull factors by using the calculator to deduce them from test data. 
Tom W Clark 
posted 04242006 11:08 AM ET (US)
Jim, Thank you (and JFH) for this handy tool. I am still curious about the potential accuracy of Crouch's formula and look forward to other's reported calculations of their hull factors. One of the fun things you can do with the "Crouch Calc." is estimate how much actual horsepower it takes to propel your boat at a given boat speed. 
rtk 
posted 04242006 11:10 AM ET (US)
1997 21 Outrage data. Total weight: +/ 4400lbs (full fuel) Calculates a hull factor of 201.44 Very nice tool. Rich 
hauptjm 
posted 04242006 11:48 AM ET (US)
1985 18ft. Outrage with solid transom with a 1995 150 hp Johnson Oceanrunner on an Armstrong Bracket using an operating weight of 2000 lbs. and observed speed of 52 m.p.h. delivered a hull constant of 189.9. Seems pretty accurate. 
Peter 
posted 04242006 01:04 PM ET (US)
I'm surprised by the 180 hull constant for the 190 Outrage. If you plug all of the Whaler performance report data into the calculator and and let the calculator solve for the hull constant, the calculator shows the hull constant to be in the range of 205 to 210. 
Plotman 
posted 04242006 02:02 PM ET (US)
Very interesting. When I solve for the hull factor of my 22 outrage, I get 182 (using a weight that takes into account fuel, engines, etc.) Now maybe there needs to be an adjustment for twin engines vs a single, but I find it odd that the 190 outrage, which allegedly weighs the same as a classic 22 outrage, has a hull factor that much higher. However, when I input my performance observations of how my boat does on a single engine, I get a hull factor of 200. David 
Peter 
posted 04242006 02:12 PM ET (US)
If you compare the hull shape of 190 Outrage to the classic 18 Outrage, you'll notice a very big, nearly flat pad (very little "deadrise") in the stern most 1/4 of the hull on the 190 Outrage. It doesn't carry the vee to the transom like the classic 18 Outrage does. My recollection is that the lifting strakes on the 190 carry all the way to the transom as well. Accordingly, that flatish pad area and the lifting strakes will increase the hull factor. 
Bulldog 
posted 04242006 03:03 PM ET (US)
Did the calculations on my 20' Revenge with twin 70hp engines, top speed is 35.5 MPH that is right on, formula works pretty neat...Jack 
Bulldog 
posted 04242006 03:13 PM ET (US)
Couple neat things , taking my same 20' Revenge that total weight is about 3600lbs. and pulling off the twin 70 hp Yamahas (226lbs each) and going with twin 75hp Etechs (326 lbs each) I get around 35.8 MPH and if I go with the 90hp Etechs with no more weight then the 75 engines I'm at a top speed of 39.2 MPH, not much improvement for me, I did figure on adding two hundred pounds to boat weight because of the heavier engines.......Jack 
Perry 
posted 04242006 05:04 PM ET (US)
Peter, I ran the numbers again today for my 190 Outrage/Nantucket and it appears I input the wrong weight for my boat. I must have entered 2000 lbs by accident instead of the 3000 lbs that I estimate my boat weighs when top speed of 46 mph (gps) is measured. Using 3000 lbs as the weight weight, 135 HP and 46 mph, Crouch's Calculator gives a hull factor of over 216. I ran the numbers published by Boston Whaler's performance data for the 190 Outrage with 4 different motors and the hull factor ranges from 205 to 211. Either my boat is way lighter than most 190's or my Honda BF135 puts out more power than 135 HP. 
Perry 
posted 04242006 05:23 PM ET (US)
Oh, and the lifting strakes do carry all the way to the transom. Here is a picture of the stern of a 190 Nantucket from Cetacea page 71 on Continuous Wave: http://img.photobucket.com/albums/v235/perrycl/ 19NantucketTransom640x510.jpg 
Peter 
posted 04242006 05:46 PM ET (US)
Perry  I had a feeling that there might be an incorrect weight in the calculation or that you were not counting all the weight. There could be many reasons why the hull factor number comes out higher or lower than an average in a given case, including unaccounted for actual weight differences, motor mounting height, motor trim, propeller efficiency, actual versus nominal HP variations and actual hull shape variations. No two hulls will be exactly alike no matter how good the manufacturing process is so the actual hull factor from boat to boat is going to vary a bit for any given model. If we collect enough performance data for a particular hull, we should be able to get a pretty good determination of the average hull factor which will ordinarly be good enough for prediction purposes. 
deepwater 
posted 04242006 06:11 PM ET (US)
holy sh***,,i just wag'ed in my weight and it hit with in .5 of what I'm doing now 
hardknots 
posted 04252006 02:11 PM ET (US)
Jimh: This tool is great. My boat is within 3/4 to 1 mile faster, maybe it weights a bit less than the 5000 lb I'm using. But hey this thing really works. Collecting this data will help all of us when the time comes to repower. 25' Classic Outrage w/ twin 2 stroke V4 Yamaha 130's Congrats to you and your son for another great tool on Continuous wave. Ricky 
TC 
posted 04252006 06:10 PM ET (US)
With my 18' Guardian figured at 1700 pounds, it shows around 53 MPH with a 150 HP, and about 62 MPH with a 200. Do these numbers seem accurate to you all? I just bought an old used 200 since the 150 was shot. 
Tom W Clark 
posted 04252006 06:18 PM ET (US)
TC, Your speed figures are high because your weight figures are way too low. An 18' Guardian is 1750 pounds. A 150 HP two stroke outboard is 400 pounds. One single group 24 battery is 45 pounds. A full tank of fuel is another 400 pounds. Extras gear and options? How much do you weigh? Add it all up and run the calculation again. I think you will see more realistic output. 
Peter 
posted 04252006 06:21 PM ET (US)
No. You need to add the weight of: motor (450 lbs), fuel (400 lbs), gear (150 lbs) and people (200 lbs). Total weight for the Guardian will be in the neighborhood of 2900 lbs. Plugging that into the calculator will yield 40.9 MPH with a 150 HP motor and 47.9 MPH with a 200. 
TC 
posted 04252006 06:33 PM ET (US)
D'OH! Thanks for the reality check. 
JMARTIN 
posted 04252006 07:04 PM ET (US)
What is also pretty cool is knowing what the boat will do for speed, I now have a pretty good guess of how much weight I have on board. It looks like 1850 lbs. Sounds reasonable for 2 motors, 2 guys, 70 gallons of fuel, 3 batteries, oil tank, camping on the boat gear, all the fishing gear, anchoring equipment, and all the other stuff. Just curious, what does my 1992 200 hp Evinrude weigh in at? John 
Peter 
posted 04252006 07:31 PM ET (US)
About 450 lbs. 
phatwhaler 
posted 04252006 09:23 PM ET (US)
1996 19/20 Outrage w Ttop Boat/Motor/Batt/Fuel/Gear 3700 lbs. Phatwhaler out. 
Tom W Clark 
posted 04262006 01:49 PM ET (US)
For my own Revenge 25 Walk Through with twin 150 HP motors, I calculate the following hull factor based on a set of data from an afternoon of propeller testing. On that day I estimate the total weight to be 5700 pounds and a top speed of 47 MPH. With 300 HP that calculates the hull factor at 205. Seem high? Here is the conundrum: If I had filled the fuel tank to its 140 gallon capacity instead of the 40 gallons I had in it at the time there would have been an extra 600650 pounds, no? So recalculating the potential top speed with the extra weight knowing the hull factor, the Crouch Calculator tells me it would have only gone 44.5 MPH. I reject that estimate. I do not believe the added weight would affect the top speed that much and this is where I think Crouch's formula breaks down. I am not sure his formula is geared well towards boats with high power to weight ratios. 
jimh 
posted 04262006 05:17 PM ET (US)
TomGet the test data and see what happens. Of course, it is hard to burn off that much fuel before all the other conditions change, too. 
jimh 
posted 04262006 08:30 PM ET (US)
WaitI've got it. Run the boat with light fuel, then add dead weight. Give us the numbers. Then we can see if the formula predicts the change in speed correctly. If it gets warm enough to try this in Michigan, I will attempt to test for this myself. 
Wiscbw 
posted 04262006 11:12 PM ET (US)
1996 19 Outrage Weight with 2 people and 1/2 tank of fuel 3450 lbs. measured top speed 52 mph Crouch Calculator value 51 mph 
Tom W Clark 
posted 04272006 11:04 AM ET (US)
Jim, The test for me would be, as we discussed last week, to run the boat with near empty fuel, pull the boat, drive to the gas station and fill it up, then relaunch the boat and test again. I might just do this. The other, perhaps easier way to test would be to recruit numerous human bodies and take them for a ride after initial, lowonfuel testing. Hmmm...I can think of several friends who might object to being weighed as they come on board.... 
JMARTIN 
posted 04272006 12:36 PM ET (US)
The hull factor of 180 works very well for my 1983 Revenge 22, notched transom, 200hp, and quite a bit of gear on board. John 
newt 
posted 04272006 05:06 PM ET (US)
1980 V20 Revenge. 150 HP. Estimated Weight = 3200 lb. Top speed = 40 mph Calculated hull Factor = 185 
pglein 
posted 05082006 01:48 PM ET (US)
This tool is really great, but I have one question? What the heck is a "mile per hour"? Is that kind of like a knot? 
cbgann 
posted 05082006 09:38 PM ET (US)
Tried the calculator for my 15' with 60hp Yamaha and 3 gal. fuel. Using 1000# weight and 180 formula gives 44mph. Using actual speed, constant comes out at 150?? Bill 
Tom W Clark 
posted 05082006 09:50 PM ET (US)
Bill, You probably underestimated your boat's weight. 15 foot what? Model? Year? 
cbgann 
posted 05082006 10:00 PM ET (US)
Thanks Tom, It is an 89 bare hull with a 45# casting deck and a 35#center console, starting battery ,6 gal plastic tank and the Pro 60 Yamaha. Bill 
cbgann 
posted 05092006 04:01 PM ET (US)
Sometimes it doesn't pay to think after dinner. I have a Pro 50, not a pro 60. That was good for 4mph. Resync'ing the carbs also helped now within 1+ mph of projected speed. Thanks to Tom and Jim for a very handy tool. Bill 
wireflight 
posted 09022006 04:40 AM ET (US)
This is more of a technical question than anything related to Boston Whalers per se. According to http://continuouswave.com/cgibin/crouchcalc.pl, “PLANING HULL SPEED CONSTANTSMPH:” C Hull Type 172 Average runabout, cruiser, passenger vessel I decided to use the Crouch formula to evaluate several historical military highperformance boats. Assuming 2,240 pounds per ton (English “long ton”), here’s what I found for the following MTB (motor torpedo boat) hulls: Hull type (displacement), (Throttle: speed), Gross Horsepower, Crouch’s Constant Although the source documents specifically expressed the foregoing speeds in knots (and often differentiated between knots and mph), I elected to see the effect of changing the units to mph without altering the numeric value for the speed: Hull type (displacement), (Throttle: speed), Gross Horsepower, Crouch’s Constant On the off chance the data was translated into tonnes before being recorded, I substituting the tonne for the long ton, which revealed the following: Hull type (displacement), (Throttle: speed), Gross Horsepower, Crouch’s Constant Again changing the units to mph without altering the numeric value for the speed: Hull type (displacement), (Throttle: speed), Gross Horsepower, Crouch’s Constant And finally, even though I can’t imagine that it would really be appropriate, using short tons: Hull type (displacement), (Throttle: speed), Gross Horsepower, Crouch’s Constant Again changing the units to mph without altering the numeric value for the speed: Hull type (displacement), (Throttle: speed), Gross Horsepower, Crouch’s Constant With numbers being so high for these vessels, which obviously weren’t catamarans, I’m wondering if (a) the formula is accurate, and (b) if the generalizations are genuinely representative. Especially since published figures for military vehicle performance tends to understate potential (often by a wide margin), it is conceivable that the actual constants could be significantly higher. Or have I badly misunderstood some important thing? I’m a novice, so for those that know better, none of this is intended to be inflammatory: I’m just trying to learn. I welcome constructive correction. 
jimh 
posted 09072006 01:28 PM ET (US)
Crouch's forumula is based on the hull weight. Sometimes figures given in tonnes are really more of a rating of the hull's size or capacity, rather than an actual weight. This could be a factor. Also, Crouch's forumula was probably intended for more moderate speed vessels. But thanks for the interesting numbers! 
Sturgeon 
posted 12082006 09:42 AM ET (US)
How does the formula apply to lowhoresepower calculations? For example I am considering repowering a 20foot salt water boat with only a 25HP because I only fish the sea lanes in Tampa Bay. I am never more that two miles from shore so speed to get back in is not a [concern]. I am really interested in the gas mileage to do some long distance cruising in the ICW. Not the usual application I know, but everyone is different. Thanks for any input. 
jimh 
posted 12082006 09:46 AM ET (US)
From the instructions for use of Crouch's Calculator: "This calculator is based on a formula developed by Naval Architect George Crouch who showed that a useful estimate of the speed of a moderate planing hull could be derived from the boat's weight, horsepower, and hull factor." The calculator does not attempt to predict speeds when the hull is in displacement mode. 
Bayman 
posted 08072007 04:09 PM ET (US)
I used your calculator to give me calculated speed for my old cruiser w/260 hp inboard. I Used 6900# weight (fuel and crew) and basic hullform 172 and get 33.4 mph. The old tub runs about 28@3800 which is a s hard as I care to push it. Is my hull form really down to 144.2 clean bottom (trailered boat). Is there an adjustment for inboard/sterndrive? Is there a conversion factor for diesel sterndrive since I'm leaning that way? Thanks. 
jimh 
posted 08072007 05:53 PM ET (US)
Use the companion PROPELLER CALCULATOR to see how effectively your propeller is working: http://continuouswave.com/cgibin/propcalc.pl Also, your engine is probably rated at the drive shaft, and horsepower at the propeller may be lower. 
Plotman 
posted 08082007 10:02 AM ET (US)
Remember the formula calculates speed based on the actual horsepower being supplied to the prop. An inboard is rated at the driveshaft  you have lower unit losses you have to take into account. Also, the 3800 rpm that is the upper end you want to run at sounds like it isn't the WOT that would give you the 260hp your engine is rated at. 
Stevebaz 
posted 08082007 08:04 PM ET (US)
works very well for us little whalers (11 footer)once you actually add up all the lard my boat carries, within .5 mph from actual, measured by gps. Probably dead on with dead flat water. now to figure out how to get the lard out do you have a calculator for that? Thank You for putting this formula together. steve 
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